Multiple HSRP (MHSRP) – Load Sharing FHRP

HSRP as we all know is the First hop redundancy protocol used mainly for redundancy in networks having two or more paths from LAN switch towards the WAN router.

Using HSRP with a single group only one path remains active at a time while the other remains on standby and only becomes active once the primary path fails.

We can load share traffic in HSRP by using feature set called as Multiple HSRP wherein for a particular Group first path will be active and second as backup and for other group second path with be active and first the backup.

In some conditions, it becomes essential that we utilize both WAN Links paths. MHSRP configuration can be quite the solution flavor of FHRP where host network to the server network can be configured under Multigroup HSRP (MHSRP)

Below diagram will be referred to while explaining a lab scenario of MHSRP

For group 1, R1 is the default active router based on highest priority (100) while R2 is standby having priority of 95. For group 2, R2 is the default active router based on highest priority (100) while R1 is standby having priority of 95.When either of R1 or R2 is down, the other router becomes active and assumes the Active Default Gateway for both the group ie standby 1 and standby 2. Essential to share that Preemption keyword helps the Router with highest priority for group to take over when it’s back to up status and running.

 

Configurations as follows:

R1(config)#int fa0/0

R1(config-if)#ip adrress 192.168.1.10 255.255.255.0

R1(config-if)#standby 1 priority 100

R1(config-if)#standby 2 priority 95

R1(config-if)#standby 1 preempt

R1(config-if)#standby 2 preempt

R1(config-if)#standby 1 ip 192.168.1.1

R1(config-if)#standby 2 ip 192.169.1.2

R1(config)#int fa0/0

R1(config-if)#ip adrress 192.168.1.11 255.255.255.0

R1(config-if)#standby 2 priority 100

R1(config-if)#standby 1 priority 95

R1(config-if)#standby 1 preempt

R1(config-if)#standby 2 preempt

R1(config-if)#standby 1 ip 192.168.1.1

R1(config-if)#standby 2 ip 192.169.1.2

R1#sh standby brief

P indicates configured to preempt.

Interface   Grp Prio   P  State        Active               Standby            Virtual IP

Fa0/0          1   100    P   Active      local                  192.168.1.11     192.168.1.1

Fa0/0          2   95      P   Standby  192.168.1.11     local                   192.168.1.2

R2#sh standby brief

P indicates configured to preempt.

Interface   Grp Prio  P State         Active               Standby             Virtual IP

Fa0/0         1      95     P Standby  192.168.1.10     local                   192.168.1.1

Fa0/0         2      100  P Active      local                   192.168.1.10      192.168.1.2

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